Ueno Toshogu Shrine
Ueno Toshogu Shrine (上野東照宮), located in Ueno Park, is a Shinto shrine founded in 1627 to enshrine Tokugawa Shogunate founder Tokugawa Ieyasu (1543-1616).
Here Ieyasu was worshiped as Tosho-daigongen and was also called "the god lord" by the Shogunate.
The present main buildings of this shrine were constructed in 1651, which means they survived the civil war of 1868 that took place here at Ueno, the Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923, and heavy air raids of WWII. The buildings composing the main part of the complex are listed as Important Cultural Properties. In central Tokyo, there are only a handful of shrines that still retain buildings built in the feudal times, and Ueno Toshogu is one of them.
Kaguraden is the stage where music is played during festivals.
There are about 50 bronze lanterns.
Karamon Gate was erected in 1651.
Sukibei Wall, created in 1651, surrounds the main buildings.
Haiden, built in 1651, is where you offer prayers.
Honden, built in 1651, is where the divinities are enshrined. It is connected with Haiden through Heiden, which was also constructed in 1651.
If you want to take a close look at its main buildings by going inside the wall surrounding them, its admission fee is 500 yen and the opening time is 9:30AM-4PM, 365 days a year.
Other than this, around January to mid-February and mid-April to mid-May, the peony garden will be open. Its fee is 700 yen (1100 yen together with main buildings) and the opening time is 9:30AM-4:30PM and 9AM-5PM, respectively.
The peony garden of the shrine gets open in winter (January to February) and in spring (April to May) for 700 yen. In winter, there will be 200 tree peonies consisting of 40 cultivars, and in spring, there will be 600 trees composed of 110 cultivars.
Hanami at Ueno Toshogu
Ueno Park is a very famous site for hanami (cherry blossom viewing) in spring. Here at this shrine, there will be stalls with tables and chairs along the main approach. For hanami at Ueno Park, see the article on the Ueno Sakura Matsuri.
Gojoten Shrine & Hanazono Inari ShrineJapanese
Gojoten Jinja (五条天神社) and Hanazono Inari Jinja (花園稲荷神社) in Ueno Park are two Shinto shrines which share the precincts.
Hanazono Inari Shrine was located here from long ago (but unknown exactly from when), and after Kan'eiji was established here, it became the guardian of the temple. Gojoten Shrine was, according to legend, founded about 1900 years ago in present day Ueno Park but was relocated afterwards to other places, and it came back to the park in 1928. The buildings of both shrines were constructed in that year.
On February 3, many Shinto shrines and major Buddhist temples hold bean throwing ceremony. This shrine is no exception, but conducts a little drama called Ukera-no-shinji before the been throwing. For details, see the article on Ukera-no-shinji at Gojoten Shrine.
Kaguraden is the building in which music is played during festivals. Haiden is where people offer prayers.
Located behind Haiden is Honden, where the divinities are enshrined. Both of them were completed in 1928.
Chozuya is where you cleanse your hands before offering prayers.
THere is Honden behind Haiden, and you offer prayers to the deities enshrined in Honden from Haiden. They were built in 1928.