This is the sixth and last of the six articles about former Edo Castle.
In this entry, I'll pick up remaining part of the outer moats.

The outer moat of Edo Castle when the Edo period ended is shown as a red line on the map at the bottom of this page. The purple lines are inner moats. Unfortunately substantial part of them are now lost. Along these moats dozens of large gates were placed, but only ruins of some of them are left now. So I must tell you first that, honestly speaking, the priority of this whole "Outer Moats" thing as sightseeing sites is not so high.
The black line, the most downstream part of the Kanda River which eventually flows into the Sumida River, is often thought to be part of outer moats because this part was created in the Edo Period, and like outer moats huge gates accompanied by stone walls were placed along it as well.

Northeastern outer moats

There used to run outer moats which divided the inner castle from the outer castle just east side of JR Tokyo Station but was buried after WWII. The road in front of the Tokyo Station is its trail.

Ruins of Tokiwabashimon Gate
Tokiwabashi Gate
Ruins of Tokiwabashimon Gate
Tokiwabashi Gate

The remaining part of the outer moats of this area is the western half of Nihonbashi River.
Quite near Tokyo Station, there remain ruins of the Tokiwabashimon Gate facing this river, though the present stone bridge in front of it was created in the Meiji Era.

Remaining stone walls on Nihonbashi River
Nihonbashi River

Some part of stone walls covering the shore of Nihonbashi River is left like this.

Northern to eastern outer moats

This part of outer moat is preserved quite well, though gates are destroyed.

Ruins of Ushigomemon Gate
Ushigome-bori Moat
Shinmitsuke-bori Moat
Reconstructed stone wall inside Subway Ichigaya Sta.
Ichigaya Station stone wall

Along the under ground passage of the Tokyo Metro Subway's Ichigaya Station, there is a small reconstruction of stone ramparts for the outer moats relocated from around the Nihonbashi River.

Ichigaya-bori Moat
Ruins of Yotsuyamon Gate
Yotsuya-bori Moat (now without water)
Benkei-bori Moat
Benkei-bori Moat
Ruins of Akasakamon Gate

Southern part of outer moats from here is now lost.

Trails of southern outer moats

Stone ramparts at Kasumigaseki Common Gate
Kasumigaseki Common Gate
Ruins of Hibiyamon Gate in Hibiya Park
Hibiya Park
Ruins of Otemon Gate at Hama-rikyu
Model of Otemon Gate at Hama-rikyu

Modern-day Hama-rikyu Gardens used to be the villa of Tokugawa shoguns in the Edo period and also had a characteristic of an outer post of the Edo Castle. Hence, it was surrounded by moats and stone ramparts, had a huge gate resembling those of a castle, and connected with the Edo castle by way of canals and outer moats.

Lines on the map are moats and canals of the Edo period. The red line is the outer moats, purple lines are the inner moats, the black line is the Kanda River, which is often regarded as part of outer moats, and blue lines are other canals and such.

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